Inside the cockpit, pilots carry the guns in a hip holster. Outside, they must be transported in locked boxes. "Their [the pilots'] authority lies within the flight deck," says the deputy director. "They can't be walking around to the stores or the malls with the firearm on their person."
The FAA follows the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) drug testing regulations, and those regulations require testing for the following substances: marijuana, cocaine, opiates/opioids, phencyclidine (PCP) and amphetamines (which includes methamphetamines and MDMA (“Ecstasy”)).